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Examples: Silica, glass, cement, concrete, garnet, Mgo, Cds, Zno, SiC etc. Two way slab – When ration of length to width is less than or equal to 2 , its two way slab. The basic materials used in civil engineering applications or in construction projects are: Solve this simple math problem and enter the result. Scaffolding – A temporary structure, when work needs to be carried out at higher elevations. Tread – The horizontal portion where we put our foot on which going on steps. Basic Civil Engineering by S.S.Bhavikatti - civilenggforall Low Heat cement used generally Recommended for you. Plinth level – The level on which the actual structure stands on. KTU S7 Refrigeration & Air Conditioning Notes. 25 Kn/ cum is unit weight of concrete ; 78.5 Kn/ cum is unit weight of steel ; 10 Kn/ cum unit weight of water Aggregate; Cement; Concrete; Geotech. This is for proper bonding with other bricks. In case of masonry the height levels should be mentioned clearly as, foundation to plinth / plinth to 1 st floor and so on. What is a Ground Source Heat Pump? The basic materials used in civil engineering applications or in construction projects are: Wood Cement and concrete Bitumen and bituminous materials Structural … All engineers should know these basics and especially expected from freshers. A construction material is any material used in the construction industry. These ceramic materials are now extensively used in different engineering fields. 139.4K. LIFE SKILLS NOTES. Preferably limit the number of steps to 12 per flight. These are generally to hold column bars in position and also effective in shear carrying capacity. Sulphate resisting cement used Riser – The vertical height of single step. Surveying: Objects - types – classification – principles – measurements of distances – angles – leveling – determination of areas – illustrative examples . These are categorized as Isolated footing, combined footing, Raft etc. KTU S6 EC312 Object Oriented Programming Notes. Module 1. Sewage contact surfaces, Sub-structure :- Part of structure which is below the ground level is called substructure. One way slab – When ratio of length to width is more than 2 its one way slab. Civil Engineering basics are the basic parameters related to different civil engineering fields and Structures. Module 5. Slope of Stair shall not exceed 40 degrees. Environment; WRE. So length, breadth, height / depth … Module 3 & 4. Retaining wall – A wall constructed to retain earth. Footing – The bottom most part of structure. Elevation – It’s the view which we can see when we stand right in front of the structure on any of the sides. The book concentrates on demonstrating methods to obtain, analyze and use information … This is simply a levelling surface. footing/ combined footing/ Raft, ACI 318 – Specifications for For massive works, the volume should be defined. Open foundation i.e Isolated Self weight of structure i.e slabs, beams, columns, walls etc.. Live Loads due to furniture, equipment, machinery etc. Most Popular. It covers the construction materials content for undergraduate courses in civil engineering and related subjects and serves as a valuable reference for professionals working in the construction industry. Pile foundation – The foundation system with Piles i.e cylinder shaped reinforced concrete member. Stirrups –Steel bent in closed shape of either Rectangular of circular shape. Loads on buildings, Specifications for steel construction – IS 800, For water retaining structures – IS 3370. Plastering – A cement, sand and water mix applied on brick wall for smooth surface for painting. Module 2. Module 6. in corrosive type environment. Effective depth – It is the distance from top of the concrete face upto the CG of reinforcement. Columns – The vertical members of structure . UNIT I SURVEYING AND CIVIL ENGINEERING MATERIALS . basic civil engineering author s.s. bhavikatti contents unit - i: civil engineering materials 1–70 1 traditional materials 3–32 2 mortars 33–38 3 concrete 39–54 4 metals as building materials 55–58 5 miscellaneous building materials 59–69 unit - ii: building construction 71–136 6 building planning 73–81 7 foundations 82–91 Materials. Civil Engineering or Architecture: What should You Choose as Your Career? Share Notes with your friends. Cantilever beam – A beam with fixed support on one side and the other end is free. Foundation; Piling; Retaining Wall; Soil; Transportation; Others . Water Well; RCC; CPM; Why Use Mat Foundation: Advantages and Disadvantages of Mat Foundations. Plain cement concrete (PCC) – The cement concrete mix provided on the ground level over which foundations, beams are constructed. Civil Engineering Materials 1st Edition PDF explains why construction materials behave the way they do. Advantages and Disadvantages of Hydroelectricity. Check Syllabus. Frog – A small Depression on top of brick. Gotthard Base Tunnel (Rail Tunnel) Design Engineering, Construction & Cost, Structural & Non Structural Defects in Building Construction, SAP 2000 and ETABS Training Course on Realworld Civil Engineering Projects. Get Ready for Power Bowls, Ancient Grains and More. Slender column – when length to width ratio of column is more than 12 , then its slender column. A BOQ describe fully on materials, proportions, workmanship and accurate amount of work that should be executed. KTU S1 Notes-Basics of Civil Engineering Notes. Doubly reinforced section – A section of concrete member with reinforcement on both tension and compression side. How does it Work? Super-structure :- Part of structure which is above ground level is super structure. Ex. There are different methods of way to taking out of quantities. Examples: Concrete, cement, soil, stones, aggregates, plastics, and asphalt. Propped cantilever – A beam with fixed support on one side and other end is with pinned support. for 1+3, enter 4. Gradation Of Aggregates | Types of Aggregate Grading, When and Where to use the Different Types of Paints, Environmental Impact of Ordinary Portland Cement, Tests Applied on Bitumen in Roads for Quality Construction, Applications & Uses of Building Stones in Civil Engineering, Properties of Stones and Tests Applied on Stones, Geological Classification and Characteristics of Stones, Lab Report of Los Angeles Abrasion Test on a Given Sample, Uses of Aggregates in Construction, Roads, Railway Ballast, To Determine the Softening Point of Bitumen, Aggregates - Types of Aggregates | Coarse Aggregate, Fine Aggregate, Properties of Bitumen and Bituminous Materials, Properties of Wood & Timber - Physical & Chemical Properties of Wood, Factors Affecting Selection of Construction Materials, Manufacturing and Uses of Portland Cement, Artificial Methods of Wood and Timber Seasoning. Clear cover – It’s the clear distance maintained from concrete face up to face of the reinforcement steel. , Civil Engineering interview questions and answers for freshers, List of Unit conversions for civil engineers, Difference Between Structural Engineer and Architect, PRIME NUMBERS AND COMPOSITE NUMBERS 1 100, ICC WORLD CUP 87 YEAR OLD LADY – Charulatha patel, Standard size of brick is 19 cm X 9cm X 9cm. 10AEE02 BASIC CIVIL & MECHANICAL ENGINEERING . Related Items: btech notes, ktu notes, ktu study materials. These are some very important basics. E.g. in construction of dams. Btech KTU STUDENT … Structural concrete for buildings, ASCE 7-05 – Specification for Singly reinforced section – A section of concrete member with reinforcement at only on tension face. Taking out quantities. Pedestal – When Length of the member is less than 3 times in width then its called pedestal. Piles Transfer the Loads by friction or by end bearing. A – CIVIL ENGINEERING (For circuit branches) L4 T0 P0 C 4 .
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