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logic and critical thinking course

This course is eligible for college credit through Saylor Academy's Saylor Direct Credit Program. Advanced courses in formal logic focus on using rules of inference to construct elaborate proofs. They are also tremendously useful in other academic domains, in the workplace, and in everyday life. Further your career with an online communication, leadership, or business management course. Start straight away and learn at your own pace. Picking the arguments out from the rest of our often convoluted discourse can be difficult. Support your professional development and learn new teaching skills and approaches. If you are seeking credit for this course, your grade will be calculated based on three Saylor Direct Credit Quizzes and the Saylor Direct Credit Final Exam as follows: Saylor Direct Credit Quiz 1: 10% of your gradeSaylor Direct Credit Quiz 2: 10% of your gradeSaylor Direct Credit Quiz 3: 10% of your gradeSaylor Direct Credit Final Exam: 70% of your grade. Improve your logical and critical thinking skills in this free online course. This course aims to introduce students to practices of argumentation, critical analysis, and evaluation. However, identifying bad arguments can be very tricky in practice. By translating arguments into symbols, you can more readily see what is right and what is wrong with them, and you can learn how to formulate better arguments. Weeks five to seven examine three familiar areas – science, law, and morality – that call upon our logical and critical thinking skills in ways appropriate to the particular demands of those areas. No previous knowledge or experience is required. Completing this unit should take you approximately 5 hours. Completing this unit should take you approximately 4 hours. View Logic and Critical Thinking- Homework 3.docx from PHI 122 at Middlesex County College. The University of Auckland is New Zealand’s leading university and the only one included in the Times Higher Education top 200. In this course, however, you will only be looking at the most basic properties of a system of logic. You can find out more in Patrick’s post for the FutureLearn blog: “What can the New Zealand flag teach us about logical and critical thinking?”. Third-party materials are the copyright of their respective owners and shared under various licenses. In addition to using predicate logic, the limitations of sentential logic can also be overcome by using Venn diagrams to illustrate statements and arguments. cover informal and formal logic, Venn diagrams, scientific reasoning, as well as strategic and creative thinking. What can the New Zealand flag teach us about logical and critical thinking? Learn why big data and tax avoidance are some of the biggest ethical issues facing businesses today and how they can be addressed. Identify common flaws in belief construction, Analyse arguments using basic logical tools, Apply basic logical strategies in areas such as science, moral theories and law. The idea is to help us do a better job of understanding and evaluating what we read, what we hear, and what we ourselves write and say. This free online course aims to help you develop and improve these skills. Excluding course final exams, content authored by Saylor Academy is available under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported license. While the majority of this course has focused on the types of reasoning that is necessary to critique and evaluate existing knowledge, or to extend our knowledge in accordance with correct procedures and rules, there remains an enormous branch of our reasoning practice that runs in the opposite direction. Unable to play video. free, Once you pass this final exam, you will be awarded a Credit-Recommended Course Completion Certificate and an official transcript. See detailed licensing information. to talk about this course on social media. We use cookies to give you a better experience. FutureLearn’s purpose is to transformaccess to education. Click Unit 1 to read its introduction and learning outcomes. By taking Introduction to Logic and Critical Thinking you will improve your ability to identify, analyze, and evaluate arguments by other people (including politicians, used car salesmen, and teachers) and also to construct arguments of your own in order to convince others and to help you decide what to believe or do. Now that you have studied the necessary structure of a good argument and can represent its structure visually, you might think it would be simple to pick out bad arguments. Completing this unit should take you approximately 6 hours. Associate Professor Tim Dare and Dr Patrick Girard from the University of Auckland take us on an informative and engaging eight week journey through the worlds of logical and critical thinking helping us to avoid these common obstacles and fallacies and improve our logical and critical thinking skills. Offered by Duke University. Saylor Academy and Saylor.org® are trade names of the Constitution Foundation, a 501(c)(3) organization through which our educational activities are conducted. Although some principles of deductive reasoning do apply in science, such as the principle of contradiction, scientific arguments are often inductive, and for this reason, science often deals in confirmation and disconfirmation. Your grade for the quizzes and on the exam will be calculated as soon as you complete them. We will also introduce the fundamentals of meaning analysis: the difference between literal meaning and implication, the principles of definition, how to identify when a disagreement is merely verbal, the distinction between necessary and sufficient conditions, and problems with the imprecision of ordinary language. Once we have identified an argument, we still need to determine whether or not it is sound. Unlimited Completing this unit should take you approximately 2 hours. In this unit, you will learn about the nature of fallacies, look at a couple of different ways of classifying them, and spend some time dealing with the most common fallacies in detail. In this unit, you will investigate some standard methods of scientific reasoning, some principles of confirmation and disconfirmation, as well as some techniques for identifying and reasoning about causation. Please read the course text, How To Think About Weird Things: Critical Thinking for a New Age, by Theodore Schick and Lewis Vaughn, published by McGraw Hill Higher Education. © Saylor Academy 2010-2020 except as otherwise noted. Statements that include general words like "some" or "few" as well as absolute words like "every" and "all" – so-called categorical statements – lend themselves to being represented on paper as circles that may or may not overlap. 1. I am originally from Québec, Canada. Mastering these skills will help you become a more perceptive reader We begin, in the first week, with an introduction to logical and critical thinking and common obstacles and fallacies. This means that it depends on observation and evidence, not logical principles. for extra benefits, or buy Critical thinking is a broad classification for a diverse array of reasoning techniques. In this unit, you will learn the basic principles of Venn diagrams, how to use them to represent statements, and how to use them to evaluate arguments. Venn diagrams are especially helpful when dealing with the logical arguments called syllogisms. Throughout the course, Tim and Patrick provide videos, articles, and assignments to lead us through the thickets of logical and critical thinking. If you do not pass the exam on your first try, you can take it again as many times as you want, with a 7-day waiting period between each attempt. This course will introduce you to critical thinking, informal logic, and a small amount of formal logic. Arguments are the fundamental components of all rational discourse: nearly everything we read and write, like scientific reports, newspaper columns, and personal letters, as well as most of our verbal conversations contain arguments. identify and avoid common thinking mistakes that lead to the formation of bad beliefs; recognise, reconstruct and evaluate arguments; use basic logical tools to analyse arguments; and apply those tools in areas including science, moral theories and law. By the end of the course, you will have acquired the basic skills to assess arguments logically and critically, and so to be in a better situation to own the reasons for your beliefs. All of the material in these first units will be built upon in subsequent units, which Completing this unit should take you approximately 13 hours. Find out what this course is like by previewing some of the course steps before you join: You can use the hashtag Critical Thinking and Logic - 1st year Teaches the application of the principles of critical thinking to evaluating and creating arguments. There is a 14-day waiting period between attempts of the Saylor Direct Credit Final Exam, and a 30-day waiting period for each of the Saylor Direct Credit Quizzes. If the course hasn’t started yet you’ll see the future date listed below.

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