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process of composting step by step

Compost materials warming The warming phase generally refers to the initial stage of the composting process, in which the temperature of the stack gradually rises from the ambient temperature to about 45 °C, the dominant microorganisms are mesophilic microorganisms, including bacteria, fungi and actinomycetes. Since it retains water, compost can prevent soil erosion. These four items become food to microorganisms that could speed up the process of decay. With this, composting could let you save money for landfill fees. Basically, people have been making their own compost to use for their home gardens and to eliminate throwing food waste directly into the trash where it cannot be utilized into anything. And backyard composting is even more convenient. Basically, you are only collecting biodegradable waste to be piled in a bim or a pit and wait for it to naturally decompose in about a year or two. The point is, composting is doable. Adding compost to your garden soil improves its health and minimizes pests and plant diseases. Remove all the finished compost from the bin, leaving unfinished materials in the bin to continue decomposing. Mix compost in with garden and flower bed soil. In making your own compost for gardening, you can also improve your ornamental or vegetable garden, improve your lawn, and propagate your own plants. Making your own compost the right way is simply layering organic materials — including food waste and a bit of soil — to create something that will turn into humus. Through composting, people get to utilize plant waste, food and kitchen waste, leaves, lawn clippings, and any other biodegradable waste that can get thrown away otherwise. Take note of the following: Before you proceed to harness your own compost for gardening, you must already know that there are three types of composting, namely, hot composting, cold composting and vermiculture or worm composting. Compost is defined as an organic material that you can add to the soil to help your plants grow with sufficient nutrients. Fill cheesecloth or an old pillowcase with 1 litre of compost. Mix or turn the compost once a week to help the breakdown process and eliminate odour. Using compost also eliminates the need to use chemical-based fertilizers. It remedies the soil that is contaminated with toxic waste. To get finished compost more quickly, check your compost bin and make sure the following conditions are met: Finished compost will be dark, crumbly and smell like earth. Composting helps us preserve the environment because it reduces our need of using chemical-based fertilizers and soil conditioners. The environment at large is greatly benefiting from composting since our organic resources are being recycled while our landfill spaces are being conserved. If you have a wider space of land to compost in, you could opt to place your bin (if you are using one) on a piece of soil that you plan on turning into a flower or vegetable bed. Here is a step-by-step guide for how to compost using the most common method: aerobic outdoor composting. Step 1: Collect Compostable Material Like Food Scraps and Yard Waste Step 1 of the composting process is to collect compostable materials. Turn your compost pile. If possible, collect and store dry leaves in an old garbage in the fall so you can use them in your compost year round. Compost has nutrients that plants use in order for them to grow to their fullest potential, like potassium, nitrogen, and phosphorus. Mix or turn the compost once a week to help the breakdown process and eliminate odour. As there are several types and several methods on composting, make sure you choose what you and your home set up is comfortable with. 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